Choosing the best person for an employee position is a very hard task for the employer, also requires employee activity. It is important not only to have specific knowledge and skills, but also the employee must demonstrate that he also has the skills and personal competences. In the first place among these competences is the ability to work in a team.
Complicated projects and tasks require more inputs, that is knowledge, skills and experience. The most important reason for creating a team group is the synergy effect, i.e. the situation in which the effects generated by the team are greater than the whole of the effects that are generated by the unit. Then “added value” appears, which is the result of combining the knowledge, efforts, experience and skills of each team member.
The social cause is another reason for creating teams. Each of us strives to be liked, I want to belong to a specific social group that will create a reference point while creating the value system. In addition, team work helps protect against negative effects that are related to the subjective essence of attribution processes and perception of phenomena. The team’s effectiveness may depend on many factors, including from the band itself, the roles played in the team, the ease of communication, the atmosphere. The ability to work in a group is one of the most desirable employee characteristics.
The key elements of teamwork
- There is not the only model of work in a team used in any situation, it depends on the problem being solved.
- Good work in a team is effective as in the economic area, also in interpersonal.
- Teams require support from the board and operate in a wider scope.
- A good team does not fight with each other, only with a problem.
- Creating a team that will work in an effective manner is an investment.
Factors that determine the efficiency of the team:
- Common goal
In order to be able to work effectively, the team should have a specific goal. Additionally, team members should engage in the implementation of the set goals. The time that the team spends to formulate goals and discuss possible problems that may arise during the task will help save time and effort to solve problems. The goal is a positive value for the whole group. To achieve the goal, the team plans actions that are needed to achieve it, and then ceases to do so. The team may have several set goals, the most important thing is that each of these goals is well-formed. If the goal and the way it is achieved will be clearly defined, then the more willingly the employee will perform the tasks.
- Use of resources
The final goal of the group is efficiency. For this reason, the group should distribute resources in such a way and create such an environment that each participant could use their full potential.
- Conflict resolution and mutual trust.
The employees do not work smoothly with each other. Often there is a lot of controversy about team work. Therefore, it is very important to be able to recognize the conflict and be able to solve it.
- Control and procedures
Each team should have rules that each member should follow. These can be rules on how to conduct meetings, but also can be more complicated procedures. This group should decide how it wants to be controlled.
- Interpersonal communication
The development of the team depends on the level of communication skills of its members. The best factors are basing on the ideas of other members and listening to each other. It is also important that everyone can express themselves.
Ability to work in a team
The ability to work in a team is quite a vast skill that can include a string of other skills:
- Building relationships with other employees.
This is the easiness of establishing contacts with other employees, coping with difficult interpersonal situations, the ability to apply techniques of creating contact in professional relations, as well as the principles of effective communication.
- Communication skills.
So, to what extent an employee can establish and maintain relationships with other team employees, at what level is its assertiveness. Also, it is important how it communicates with others.
- A way to deal with stressful situations.
Attitude to take on challenges and the way the employee takes them is also an important factor. How a person works under pressure and high emotional tension, how he counteracts stress and how he relaxes after being in a stressful situation.
- Pursuit of the goal.
This is an approach to your successes, self-esteem and entrepreneurship as well as faith in your strength. Also important is how the employee is geared to difficult tasks and overcoming various difficulties.
Firmness in achieving the goal and the ability to work even as there are poorly planned tasks, motivation to work, as well as self-confidence while performing the assigned tasks.
The way in which the employee motivates to the tasks, as well as organization and steadfastness in the activities leading to the goal. Also important is how the team member motivates others to act, as well as the knowledge and ability to use motivational techniques.
- Group work.
This is the ability to cooperate in a team, focus on partnership and awareness of the goal. An employee who is able to work in a team should help others, give directions and also accept remarks addressed in their direction.
A person who is capable of working in a team has the following skills:
- can listen and understand the attitude of other people,
- is aware that others may have a different opinion,
- can adjust so that you can give up your own goals if they are not consistent with the goals of the group,
- can describe their own position in a precise way and understand the position of others,
- understands what is her own contribution to the work and how it affects the success of the entire team,
- can subjectively evaluate the work of others, give feedback and appreciate the own contribution of other team members,
- it cares for a positive atmosphere at work, tries to reduce tensions if they arise, compromises, tries to extinguish conflicts.
While the substance of the tasks involved in teamwork may vary from team to team, there are three processes that are common to how teamwork gets done: the transition process, action processes, and interpersonal processes. During each of these processes, specific sets of activities occur.
1. The transition process is the phase during which a team is formed. Activities include:
- Mission analysis: establishing an understanding of the overall objective
- Goal specification: identifying and prioritizing the tasks and activities needed to achieve the mission
- Strategy formulation: developing a course of action to reach the goals and achieve the mission
2. Action processes comprise the phase during which a team performs its work. Activities include:
- Monitoring milestones and goals: tracking progress toward completion of tasks and activities
- Monitoring systems: tracking the use of resources such as people, technology, and information
- Coordination: organizing and managing the flow of team activities and tasks
- Team monitoring and support: assisting individuals with their tasks by, for example, providing feedback and coaching
3. Interpersonal processes include activities that occur during both the transition and action processes. These include:
- Conflict management: establishing conditions to avoid disagreement and resolving conflict when it occurs
- Motivation and confidence building: generating the willingness and ability of individuals to work together to achieve the mission
- Affect management: helping team members to regulate their emotions as they work together
Characteristics of Effective Teamwork
An effective team accomplishes its goals in a way that meets the standards set by those who evaluate its performance. For instance, a team may have a goal of delivering a new product within six months on a budget of $100,000. Even if the team finishes the project on time, it can be considered effective only if it stayed within its expected budget.
Effective teamwork requires certain conditions to be in place that will increase the likelihood that each member’s contributions—and the effort of the group as a whole—will lead to success. Effective teams share five characteristics:
- Shared values:a common set of beliefs and principles about how and why the team members will work together
- Mutual trust: confidence between team members that each puts the best interest of the team ahead of individual priorities
- Inspiring vision:a clear direction that motivates commitment to a collective effort
- Skill/talent:the combined abilities and expertise to accomplish the required tasks and work productively with others
- Rewards:recognition of achievement toward objectives and reinforcement of behavior that supports the team’s work
Effective teamwork requires that people work as a cohesive unit. These five characteristics can help individuals collaborate with others by focusing their efforts in a common direction and achieving an outcome that can only be reached by working together.